One Health Strategy

Recent global emerging pandemic threats have highlighted the increasing effects of zoonotic pathogens on human and animal health. It has also become evident that changes in the environment, including intensification of agriculture, population growth, urbanization, climate change and human encroachment into wildlife habitats are drivers for such zoonotic disease emergence. The One Health approach has been recognized as a major strategy of disease control and prevention as it emphasizes the relatedness of human, animal, and environmental health as well as the importance of trans – disciplinary efforts to control emerging pandemic threats. This has been demonstrated in the recent COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 across the World including Tanzania, where enhanced cross – sectoral communication during the outbreak led to the effective handling of the response.

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